Anitha likes classical music

Wed,September 11, 2019 01:46 AM


Subject - Verb - Agreement

- Usually, an english sentence has a subject and a verb.
- The verb in the sentence must agree with the subject in Number, Person and Tense.
(ఒక వాక్యంలోని verb తప్పకుండా subjectతో అగ్రిమెంట్‌ని కలిగి ఉండాలి)
Eg: I am in classroom now
She is in classroom at present
They are in classroom now
I was in classroom yesterday
We were in classroom at this time yesterday
- పై ఉదాహరణలను గమనించినప్పుడు subject పర్సన్, నంబర్, టెన్స్‌ని బట్టి verb మారుతూ ఉండటం మనం గమనించవచ్చు. ఈ subject-verb-అగ్రిమెంట్‌కు సంబంధించిన కొన్ని రూల్స్‌ను నేర్చుకుందాం.
Rules of Subject-Verb Agreement

1) A singular subject takes a singular verb and a plural subject takes a plural verb.

(ఒక సింగులర్ subject- సింగులర్ వెర్బ్‌ని, ప్లూరల్ subject - ప్లూరల్ వెర్బ్‌ని తీసుకుంటాయి)
Eg: He is reading a story.
They are at home today.
Anitha likes classical music.
My friends play cricket on sundays.
Gopi has a red car.
They have a new car.
- ఒకవేళ subject Plural(I, We, You, They) అయినప్పుడు V1, సింగులర్ (He, She, It) అయినప్పుడు V1 (s/es/ies) వస్తుంది.
I, We, You, They, Plural V1 He, She, It, Singular V1 (s/es/ies)

2) A plural verb is used when two subjects are joined by the conjunction and

(రెండు సబ్జెక్టులను and అనే పదం కలిపినట్లయితే ప్లూరల్ వెర్బ్‌ని వాడాలి)
Eg: She and I are good friends.
Ramu and Gopi were absent yesterday.
Fire and Water do not agree.
Gold and Silver are costly metals.
Anitha and Sunitha work in the same office
He and I have finished the work.

3) When two subjects are joined by the word and convey only one idea, a singular verb is used. (andతో కలిపిన రెండు సబ్జెక్టులు ఒకే భావాన్ని తెలిపితే సింగులర్ వెర్బ్‌ని వాడాలి)

Eg: The poet and novelist has to attend.
(ఈ వ్యాసంలో పోయట్, నావెలిస్ట్ అనే పదాలు ఒకే వ్యక్తిని గురించి తెలుపుతున్నాయి. కాబట్టి have కాకుండా, has వాడాలి)
The cashier and clerk was absent
Bread and butter is needed for them
Time and tide waits for no man
Slow and steady wins the race
Early to bed and early to rise is a good habit
The horse and carriage is at the gate

4) When two subjects are joined by the words like, besides, with, along with, together with, in addition to, as well as, accompanied by the verb agrees with the first subject.

(రెండు సబ్జెక్టులను Like, With, along with లాంటి పదాలు కలిపినప్పుడు మొదటి సబ్జెక్ట్ ప్రకారం వెర్బ్‌ని వాడాలి)
Eg: Ram, like his friends works very hard (work/works)
The creature with wings is called a bird (is/are)
My friend, along with his parents has left for Delhi (have/has)
The principal accompanied by the teachers comes here shortly (come/comes)
The house with its contents was insured (was/were)

5) If two subjects are joined by the words or, nor, either ...or, neither..nor, whether..or, not only.. but also, the verb agrees with the nearest subject

(రెండు సబ్జెక్టులను or, nor, either..or లాంటి పదాలు కలిపినప్పుడు వెర్బ్‌కి దగ్గరలో ఉన్న సబ్జెక్ట్ ప్రకారం వెర్బ్‌ని వాడాలి)
Eg: Kamal or his brothers are going to attend the programme (am/is/are)
Either she or I am correct (am/is/are)
Neither the king nor the ministers were responsible (was/were)
Are either you or your parents at home today? (am/is/are)

6) The structure Noun+Preposition+Same Noun.... takes a singular verb

Eg: Ship after ship arrives here (arrive/arrives)
Brick upon brick is laid (am/is/are)

7) The+Adjective usually takes a plural verb. The blind need encouragement (needs/need)
The brave are always honoured (am/is/are)

8) If a plural noun represents a specific quantity or whole amount, a singular verb is used.

(ఒకవేళ ప్లూరల్ నౌన్‌ని మొత్తంగా కలిపి ఒక పరిమాణంగా తెలిపితే సింగులర్ వెర్బ్‌ని వాడాలి)
Eg: Five hundred rupees is a big amount for you.
Four quintals is a heavy load.
Sixty miles is not a long distance.

9) A collective Noun can be used either in the singular or in the plural according to its sense.

The common collective Nouns
- Government, Parliament, Assembly, Council, Committee, Army, Crew, Staff, Jury, Fleet, Crowd, Majority, Mob.

- If a collective Noun represents a whole group or a body, it takes a singular verb.
If it represents a part/parts/division of a body, it takes a plural verb.
Eg: The committee has agreed on this issue. (committeeలో division లేదు కాబట్టి సింగులర్ వెర్బ్ వాడాలి)
The committee are divided on this issue (committeeలో division లేదు కాబట్టి ప్లూరల్ వెర్బ్ వాడాలి)
The crew were taken prisoners.
The crew was working hard.
The Assembly is in session.

10) The following words/expressions take a singular verb.

- Many a, many an, each, every, either of, neither of much, one of, little, a little, some one, somebody, something, any one, anybody, anything, every one, everybody, everything, none, no one, body, nothing, a pair of, a team of, a batch of.
Eg: Many a ship is lost in the ocean. Every boat and every sailor was lost in the ocean.
Neither of the questions is difficult.
No one is perfect One of my friends lives in the USA A team of players is staying here

11) The following Nouns take a plural verb.

Dozen, Score, Million, Hundred, Thousand, People, Cattle
Eg: A million were affected by the drought
The cattle are grazing The people have voted for him
Other points
i) A number of- plural verb
ii) The number of- singular verb
iii) A great deal of- singular verb
iv) Plenty of + countable noun - plural verb
v) Plenty of + uncountable noun- singular verb
vi) A series of- singular verb
vii) The quantity of- singular verb
viii) A bunch of- singular verb
ix) much of- singular verb
x) News, wages, politics, mathematics, gallows, Economics, gymnastics- singular verb

Eg: A number of girls are waiting
The number of girls is less
Plenty of time has been spent
Plenty of men have already turned up.

Model Questions

1. Neither the commander nor his soldiers .... hurt in the action. (Fill in the blank with appropriat verb)

1) was
2) were
3) has been
4) have

2. Ram and I .... classmeates. (choose the currect verb)

1) am
2) is
3) are
4) has been

3. The parliament .... elected its peaker.

1) have
2) has
3) have been
4) was

4. Persis, like Geetha and Radha, .... fond of pictures. (choose the currect verb)

1) is
2) am
3) are
4) have been

5. Read the following two sentences

A. Brick upon brick is laid
B. Shot after shot were heard
Now choose the correct statement.
1) Only A is correct
2) Only B is correct
3) Both A, B are correct
4) Both A, B are incorrect

Answers: 1-4,



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